The Cape Flats Development Association (CAFDA) was established in 1944. A commission of inquiry, appointed in 1942, disclosed the shocking state of affairs in which thousands of people were living in hovels in the most appalling conditions in the southern areas of the Cape Peninsula. People lived in conditions of poverty, disease, malnutrition and often experienced severe flooding of their homes in winter. The commission published its findings in 1944, and in that year, CAFDA was founded to seek to address many of these problems. In those early days the organization was known as the Cape Flats Distress Association.